Thin layers of wood veneer just 3 millimeters thick form plywood. The pros then glue and bind together the thin layers and compress them with heat making one solid piece of wood. With each new layer, the grain rotates 90 degrees. As a result, it makes for a stronger material with a variety of uses and comes in many different sizes and finishes. Many people think of plywood first when thinking of engineered wood.
Pros and Cons of Plywood
Very strong building material.
Lightweight yet sturdy.
Resistant to cracks, warps, and shrinking over time, as well as more moisture-resistant.
Good for wood paneling, cabinetry, furniture, etc.
Edges of the board are raw and ugly and cant be covered easily.
Not suitable for some joints/joining techniques.
Might have natural defects such as knots from using layers of veneer.
Furniture Board (Particle Board)
Pros create pvc furniture board (also known as particle board) from wood chips, mill shavings, and sawdust bound together with a binding agent such as resin and pressed into flat sheets. It comes in different densities. The higher density products are stronger. Cabinet construction often uses this type of wood because of its lower cost and how it is easy to work with.
Pros and Cons of pvc furniture board
Less expensive than many other materials.
Strong and stable in high-density versions.
Uniform in texture with no gaps or holes.
Not as strong as plywood, even the high-density versions. Extra supports are needed if heavy countertops are placed over particle board cabinets.
Less resistant to scratches and dents.
Not as water-resistant as plywood. (However, neither is waterproof. Any major leakage or flooding ruins either type of wood.)